The dollar was heading towards a two-year high against a basket of major currencies on Thursday after meeting minutes showed the Federal Reserve preparing to move aggressively to fight inflation, while commodity-linked currencies fell further.
According to Reuters, the euro remained near a one-month low below $1.09 as investors await European Central Bank minutes due later.
The Japanese yen was pinned near a one-week low and last traded at 123.80 to the dollar.
“Inflation differentials and the resulting monetary policy divergence dynamics can underpin DXY [U.S. dollar] resilience near term,” Citi foreign exchange strategists said.
“High inflation is here to stay and the hawks are in the driving seat. This matters for DXY given the strength of relative rates in driving EURUSD and USDJPY recently.”
Sterling recovered a small part of recent losses to trade up 0.1% at $1.3075.
Broad selling of equities and other risk assets this week has also hurt cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin edged back from Wednesday’s 5% drop with a 0.5% rise to $43,402.
Minutes from the March Fed meeting published on Wednesday showed “many” participants were prepared to raise interest rates in 50-basis-point increments in coming months.
They also prepared markets for a reduction in the Fed’s balance sheet after the May meeting at a rate of $95 billion per month, the beginning of the reversal of the massive stimulus it pumped into the economy after the COVID-19 pandemic struck.
“That’s nearly twice as quick as was seen during the last balance sheet run-down during the 2017-19 cycle,” ING analysts said.
“All of the above points to the Fed applying a heavy foot to the brakes, which should be positive for the dollar.”
By 1045 GMT, the U.S. dollar index traded at 99.676 after earlier reaching 99.823, its strongest since May 2020 .
The Australian and New Zealand dollars fell 0.5% and 0.2% respectively as the Fed’s tone offset a hawkish shift from Australia’s central bank, and a pullback in commodity prices also reversed some of their recent strength.
Minutes from the ECB’s March meeting, due later in the day, will be watched for insight into policymakers’ delicate balancing act to manage soaring inflation and slowing growth.
An increasingly close-looking presidential election in France is another wildcard, and the prospect of far-right candidate Marine Le Pen beating incumbent Emmanuel Macron has dragged on the euro and French debt ahead of Sunday’s first-round vote.
The euro hit a one-month trough of $1.0865 and was last down 0.1% at $1.0887.